Muir Woods National Monument – Natural Beauty

by admin on November 19, 2009

The majestic Coastal Redwood tree, once prevalent throughout most of the northwest United States, now grows naturally along only a narrow strip of coastal land running from northern California to southern oregon. Coastal Redwood trees prefer a mountainous landscape close to large bodies of water, where moisture sits thick in the air and temperatures are mild. Coastal Redwood trees can live for more than a thousand years, and often exceed 200 feet in height. The talledst Coastal Redwood trees in Muir Woods National Monument are found in the valleys and gulleys where water gathers and sits in the air and on the ground.

Muir Woods National Monument is a prime example of how old growth redwood forests support a wide variety of plant and animal life. The towering canopy of the living trees in an old growth forest provide cover for many species of bird and vermin, along with containing moisture and nutrients between the canopy and the soil below. Nutrient rich soil in old growth forests helps to purify and enrich polling water so that species of fish can thrive. The Muir Woods National Monument is home to one of the last native freshwater salmon populations in California, and supports a significant population of Steelhead Trout. When the giant Coastal Redwoods of an old growth forest fall, they provide shelter for animal on the ground and create pools of water from streams.

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